Center for Asian American Media catalog description Some Questions for 28 Kisses Confronts the viewer with images of Asian female/non-Asian male pairings in American movies and mass media Examines topics such as dating ethnic fetishes and race identity 16 min Video/C 4178 Jodi Smith | Lists | Masters commonly paid slaves small bonuses at Christmas and some slaveholders permit them to keep earnings and gambling profits One slave Denmark Vesey bought his freedom with a lottery prize. Slaves were often given low-quality goods by their masters clothes made from rough cloth and shoes from old leather. By resisting reproduction enslaved women took control over their bodies and their lives Richard Follet says: by consciously avoiding pregnancy or through gynecological resistance black women reclaimed their own bodies frustra the planters' pro-natalist policies and in turn defied white male constructions of their sexuality Whether swallowing abortifacients such as calomel and turpentine or chewing on natural contraceptives like cotton roots or okra slave women wove contraception and miscarriages through the dark fabric of slave oppositional culture. The New Cinema Part 1 The process of making a film from original conception to actualization of the final film is explored in interviews with thirteen of the world's most adventurous and prolific independent filmmakers Examines the pain and practicalities of independent filmmaking how these filmmakers view their work and their place in the world and how their ideas and thematics give meaning to the term new cinema Includes excerpts from their films Featuring: Wim Wenders Robert Young Robert Frank Les Blank Mary Ellen Bute Charlie Ahearn Chantal Akerman Michael Snow Johan van der Keuken Werner Schroeter Paul Morrissey Curt McDowell Ron Mann Narrator: Belva Webb Dist Cinema Guild 1984 51 min Video/C 5106
Roxana Hadadi | Lists | Slave breeding was the attempt by a slave-owner to influence the reproduction of his slaves for profit. It included forced sexual relations between male and female slaves encouraging slave pregnancies sexual relations between master and slave to produce slave children and favoring female slaves who had many children. Race Movies: The Popular Art of the Black RenaissanceExplores the involvement of black filmmakers in filmmaking from its earliest days through the 1920s with particular emphasis on the work of James Weldon Johnson Oscar Micheaux and Richard D Maurice Focus is on the movies that were made and the production companies that produced them Writer Thomas Cripps 1985 20 min Video/C 8293 Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People Throughout its history Hollywood has portrayed Arabs as buffoons or bandits This seeks to rectify this sterotyping by comparing it to other forms of racist imagery in motion pictures and mass media by suggesting alternative narratives that treat the Arabs as human beings not demons Based on the book of the same title by Jack Shaheen (MAIN: PN1995. S54 2001; PFA : PN1995. S54 2001) Direc by Sut Jhally 2006 50. [Lang Fritz] The Eyes of Fritz Lang35 min DVD 1 [supplementary feature on The 1000 Eyes of Dr Mabuse] Lang bibliography Histoire(S) du Cinema: Introduction a Une Veritable Histoire du Cinema la Seule la Vraie [Sound Recording]By Jean-Luc Godard Contents: 1 Toutes les histoires une histoire seule -- 2 Seul le cinema fatale beaute -- 3 La monnaie de l'absolu une vague nouvelle -- 4 Le controle de l'univers les signes parmi nous Videographic film history essays consumed with nostalgia for old movies and unusual image-mixing techniques This provacative wildly multiple video-poem is about an old man his editing suite and his cultural lamentations Text in French with English and German translations Sound/D 84 Living conditions An 1850 publication provided slaveholders with guidance on how to produce the "ideal slave": Maintain strict discipline and unconditional submission Create a sense of personal inferiority so that slaves "know their place." Instill fear Teach servants to take interest in their master's enterprise Deprive access to education and recreation to ensure that slaves remain uneduca helpless and dependent Jodi Smith | Lists | To commemorate the Centennial of the Lumière Brothers' first motion picture 40 of the world's leading international filmmakers crea their own one minute Lumiere film Using the restored original camera each director offered his own signature style to the film These exciting eclectic shorts are combined with intriguing interviews with the filmmakers 88 min DVD X4059; Video/C 999:1611 Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database During the early 1930s members of the Federal Writers' Project interviewed former slaves and also made recordings of the talks (the only such records made) In 2007 the interviews were remastered reproduced on CDs and published in book form in conjunction with the Library of Congress Smithsonian Productions and a National Public Radio project In the introduction to the oral history project (Remembering Slavery: African Americans Talk About Their Personal Experiences of Slavery and Emancipation) the editors wrote: Center for Asian American Media catalog description Slaves were predominantly male during the early colonial era but the ratio of male to female slaves became more equal in later years Under slavery planters and other slaveholders owned controlled and sold entire families of slaves. The slave population increased in the southern Uni States as native-born slaves produced large families Slave women were at high risk for sexual abuse from slave owners and their sons overseers or other white men in power as well as from male slaves. Teaching slaves to read was discouraged or (depending upon the state) prohibi so as to hinder aspirations for escape or rebellion In response to slave rebellions such as the Haitian Revolution the 1811 German Coast Uprising a failed uprising in 1822 organized by Denmark Vesey and Nat 's slave rebellion in 1831 some states prohibi slaves from holding religious gatherings without a white person present for fear that such meetings could facilitate communication and lead to rebellion.
In 1725 Virginia gran slaves the right to establish a church leading to the establishment of the First Church of Colored Baptists. In many cases throughout the American South slaves crea hybrid forms of Christianity mixing elements of traditional African religions with traditional as well as new interpretations of Christianity. South Carolina permit law enforcement to disband any religious meeting where more than half the participants. Jodi Smith | Lists | Some slavery advocates asser that many slaves were content with their situation African-American abolitionist J Sella Martin countered that the apparent contentment was a psychological reaction to dehumanizing brutality such as witnessing their spouses sold at auction or their daughters raped. Other slave women used abstinence "Slave men and women appear to have practised abstinence often with the intention of denying their master any more human capital." It was not just women who resis reproduction in some instances men did also An ex-slave Virginia Yarbrough explained how one slave woman persuaded the man that her master told her to live with to practice abstinence After three months the master realized that the couple were not going to produce any children so he let her live with the man of her choice and they had children "By abstaining from sexual intercourse she was able to resist her master's wishes and live and have children with the man. [Van Peebles Melvin] Baadasssss! Produced and direc by Mario Van Peebles Cast: Joy Bryant T.K Carter Terry Crews Ossie Davis David Alan Grier Nia Long Paul Rodriguez Saul Rubinek Vincent Schiavelli Khleo Thomas Mario Van Peebles Karimah Westbrook Rainn Wilson A candid portrait of Melvin Van Peeble's struggles as a young black director during the society-shifting 70's Determined to make a film that matters Melvin deals with two-faced backers a rag-tag crew threatening creditors and various shades of Hollywood hypocrisy With everything on the line his only choice is to stick to his guns and do whatever it takes to get his neo-blaxploitation epic to the audience for which it was envisioned 2004 109 min DVD 3540 Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database [Stone Oliver] Oliver Stone: A Dialogue on Classic Filmmaking Film director Oliver Stone discusses his recent major motion picture "Alexander," with UC Berkeley dean and professor of classics Ralph Hexter This epic film is based on one of history's most influential leaders -- Alexander the Great Stone speaks to the lure the responsiblity and the challenges inherent in his role as filmmaker and the challenges of representing ancient history in film Recorded by Educational Technology Services University of California Berkeley on Ma 79 min Video/C MM488 View it with RealPlayer Fassbinder bibliography [Fellini Federico] Ciao Federico! study of the style and techniques of Federico Fellini a creative international director of motion pictures Filmed during the shooting of Fellini's Satyricon 62 min Video/C 2989 Almonds and Raisins: A History of the Yiddish CinemaA on the Yiddish cinema in America primarily in New York City from 1927 to the 1940's Features extensive excerpts from Yiddish films (most subtitled in English) including The cantor's son Overture to glory with Moishe Oysher Yidl mitn fidl with Molly Picon and Tevye with Maurice Schwartz Has contemporary footage of New York City and Eastern European village life Includes interviews with those who have participa in the Yiddish cinema 90 min Video/C 1881 The Yiddish Cinema Beginning with a brief history of Yiddish language and culture the history of Yiddish cinema is recoun using excerpts from Yiddish films: A Letter to Mother (1939) Tevye (1939 Jewish luck (1925) The Dybbuk (1937) Yiddle with his fiddle (1936) The Jester (1937) The Light ahead (1939) Uncle Moses (1932) Greenfields (1937) American matchmaker (1940) 60 min Video/C 3198 Harriet Jacobs said in her narrative that she believed her mistress was jealous of her master's sexual interest in her the reason she did not try to protect her Victims of abuse during slavery may have blamed themselves for the incidents due to their isolation. In 1662 the southern colonies adop into law the principle of partus sequitur ventrem by which the children of slave women took the status of their mothers (regardless of paternity) This was a departure from English common law which held that children took the status of their father Some fathers freed their children but many did not The law relieved men of responsibility to support their children and restric the open secret of miscegenation to the slave quarters However Europeans and other visitors to the south no the number of mixed-race slaves During the 19th century Mary Chesnut and Fanny Kemble whose husbands were planters chronicled the disgrace of white men taking sexual advantage of. Slaying the Dragon This film analyzes the roles and images of Asian women promulga by the Hollywood film industry and network television over the past fifty years Also interviews Asian American women and their responses to the impact these stereotypes have on their relationships their work and themselves Produced/direc by Deborah Gee 60 min DVD 8550; DVD X6053; vhs Video/C 1496 © notice View this video online UC Berkeley users only - Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac [Hitchcock Alfred] Rear Window Ethics; Remembering and Restoring a Hitchcock Classic Special supplementary material included on DVD of Hitchcock's Rear Window Special features: Rear window ethics; remembering and restoring a Hitchcock classic (55 min.); interviews with cast and crew; conversation with screenwriter John Michael Hayes; production photographs; theatrical trailer; re-released trailer narra by James Stewart; production notes; cast and filmmakers; DVD-ROM feature providing access to the original script DVD 633 Hitchcock bibliography
Capra bibliography [Capra Frank] Frank Capra's American Dream Go behind the scenes into Hollywood legend Frank Capra's professional and family life with rare footage stills and sequences from many of his films and an exclusive look into his personal home movie collection 1997 DVD 7188; also on DVD 3000 Capra bibliography The New Cinema Part 2 The post-production process and problems of distribution of independent films are explored in interviews with ten of the world's most adventurous and prolific independent filmmakers Examines the pain and practicalities of independent filmmaking how these filmmakers view their work and their place in the world and how their ideas and thematics give meaning to the term new cinema Includes excerpts from their films Featuring: Emile de Antonio Chris Sieverich Alexandre Rockwell Doris Chase Michael Oblowitz Jean-Marie Straub Daniele Huillet Robert Young Wim Wenders Robert Frank Narrator: Belva Webb Dist Cinema Guild 1984 50 min Video/C 5107 The evidence of white men having sexual unions with slave women was obvious in the many mixed-race children who were born into slavery and part of many households In some areas such mixed-race families became the core of domestic and household servants as at Thomas Jefferson's Monticello Both his father-in-law and he took mixed-race slave women as concubines after being widowed; each man had six children by his slave Jefferson's young concubine Sally Hemings was 3/4 white the daughter of his father-in-law John Wayles and the half-sister of his. The Slan ScreenFrom silent film star Sessue Hayakawa to Harold & Kumar Go to Whitecastle The slan screen explores the portrayals of Asian men in American cinema chronicling the experiences of actors who have had to struggle against ethnic stereotyping and limiting roles The film presents a critical examination of Hollywood's image-making machine through a fascinating parade of 50 film clips spanning a century Special features: A tribute to Mako (8 min.) ; "Influencing the image makers" : Oct 5 2006 panel discussion at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (45 min.) 2006 61. Slaves who worked and lived on plantations were the most frequently punished Punishment could be administered by the plantation owner or master his wife children or (most often) the overseer or driver. Invasion of the B-Trailers (1940s-1950s)A compilation 14 amazing and entertaining theatrical trailers from 1940's and 50's low budget films Contents: Things to come -- House of darkness -- Flying serpent -- Run for the hills -- Cuban rebel girls -- Saturday night out -- The young sinner -- Violent women -- Bela Lugosi meets a Brooklyn gorilla -- Phantom from space -- Snow creature -- Bride of the gorilla -- Terror of the bloodhunters. Deciding to abort a baby was not an easy decision for an enslaved woman but many made the choice By using various ways to resist reproduction some women convinced their masters they could not bear children Deborah Gray White cites several cases of women who were considered by their masters to be infertile during slavery These women went on to have several healthy children after they. In Darkest Hollywood: Cinema and Apartheid Turns the lens on filmmakers and the South African society they so often misrepresen Films generally suppor the ethos of racial domination that led to apartheid and it was only after Africans insis on being heard that they began to be portrayed on-screen as more than mere adjuncts of whites Includes newsreel footage of violence in South Africa and interviews with producers directors screenwriters authors and actors who expound upon films they have been instrumental in producing which explored the conditions of black South Africans 2 videocassettes 108 min DVD X1331 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4010 [Jarman Derek] Derek Jarman: Life as es the life and art of filmmaker painter and writer Derek Jarman through the recollections of some of his closest friends family and colleagues Includes clips and stills from his films and previously unseen footage of Jarman directing his film Wittgenstein 2004 60 min DVD 6291 Jarman bibliography Opportunity Lost Examines the British film industry which lagged behind Germany and France for lack of funds American directors came over to train apprentices and technicians but soon gave up and withdrew even as Alfred Hitchcock was embarking on his stellar career DVD 603; Video/C 5592 The Other Hollywood End of an Era Examines the impact of the advent of sound in motion pictures on the silent film industries of Britain France and Germany and the first sound motion pictures produced in these countries It concludes with the new Nazi regime of Germany in 1933 and the mass exodus of Jews from Germany which enriched the film industries of France the U.S and England DVD 603; Video/C 5592 Slaves were punished by whipping shackling hanging beating burning mutilation branding and imprisonment Punishment was often me out in response to disobedience or perceived infractions but sometimes abuse was performed to re-assert the dominance of the master (or overseer) over the slave. They were punished with knives guns field tools and nearby objects The whip was the most common instrument used against a slave; one said "The only punishment that I ever heard or knew of being administered slaves was whipping" although he knew several who were beaten to death for offenses such as "sassing" a white person hitting another "negro" "fussing" or fighting in quarters. The South Carolina slave code was revised in 1739 with the following amendments: Speculation exists on the reasons George Washington freed his slaves in his will One theory posits that the slaves included two half-sisters of his wife Martha Custis Those mixed-race slaves were born to slave women owned by Martha's father and were regarded within the family as having been sired by him Washington became the owner of Martha Custis' slaves (under Virginia law) when he married her and faced the ethical conundrum of owning his wife's sisters. In 1740 following the Stono Rebellion Maryland limi slaves' working hours to 15 per day in the Summer and 14 in the Winter with no work permit on Sunday Historian Charles Johnson writes that such laws were not only motiva by compassion but also by the desire to pacify slaves and prevent future revolts Slave working conditions were often made worse by the plantation's need for them to work overtime to sustain themselves in regards to food and shelter. In Utah slaves were required to work "reasonable" hours. Given the generations of interaction an increasing number of slaves in the Uni States during the 19th century were of mixed race In the Uni States children of mulatto and black slaves were also generally classified as mulatto With each generation the number of mixed-race slaves increased The 1850 census identified 245,000 slaves as mulatto; by 1860 there were 411,000 slaves classified as mulatto out of a total slave population of 3,900,000. As no above some mixed-race people won freedom from slavery or were born as free blacks. Jodi Smith | Social Media | Jodi Smith | Lists | The children of white fathers and slave mothers were mixed-race slaves whose appearance was generally classified as mulatto (this term originally meant a person with white and black parents but then encompassed any mixed-race person) By the turn of the 19th century many mixed-race families in Virginia da to colonial times; white women (generally indentured servants) had unions with slave and free African-descended men Because of the mother's status those children were born free and often married other free people. Despite acts of resistance many slave women had numerous children Peter Kolchin notes that some historians estimate a birthrate of 7 children per slave woman during the antebellum era which was an era of large families among free women. Riefenstahl biliography [Riefenstahl Leni] The Wonderful Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl Interviews with Leni Riefenstahl now in her nineties flash-backs and modern film sequences tell the story of the most famous woman film director of all time Known for her films made during the Third Reich Riefenstahl's story is a controversial one Best known for her "Triumph of the Will," the film made of the 1934 Nazi Party Congress it proved to be her undoing 1993 181 min DVD 176; Video/C. Jodi Smith | Streaming | If free (depending on state law) some mulattoes were legally classified as white because they had more than one-half to seven-eighths white ancestry Questions of social status were often settled in court but a person's acceptance by neighbors fulfillment of citizen obligations and other aspects of social status were more important than lineage in determining "whiteness" Notable examples of mostly-white children born into slavery were the "natural" children of Thomas Jefferson by his mixed-race slave Sally Hemings who was three-quarters white by ancestry Since 2000 historians have widely accep Jefferson's paternity; the change in scholarship has been reflec in exhibits at Monticello and in recent books about Jefferson and his era Some historians however continue to disagree with this conclusion. Hou Hsiao-Hsien bibliography Description from Icarus Films catalog Hollywood Harems This examines Hollywood stereotypes of the East with particular attention paid to the Middle East and the depiction of women of the East Juxtaposing film clips from the 20s through the 80s the filmmaker argues these fantasies have worked both to shape and reinforce often derogative assumptions about the peoples of the East while at the same time reinscribing the moral spiritual and cultural supremacy of the Anglo-European West 1999 25 min DVD X6708; Video/C 7079 Martin James "American Cinema." (television program reviews) America v172 n3 (Feb 4 1995):19 Gaydos Steven "American Cinema." (television program reviews) Variety v357 n12 ():42 (2 pages) Goldberg Robert "American Cinema." (television program reviews) Wall Street Journal (Mon ):A18(W) A18(E) col 1 21. Researchers performed medical experiments on slaves without consent and frequently displayed slaves to illustrate medical conditions. Religion During the early 17th century some colonies permit slaves who conver to Christianity to become free but this possibility was elimina by the mid 17th century. Tim Robbins & Barry Gifford In this episode B Ruby Rich sits down with actor director producer and screenwriter Tim Robbins who ranks as one of contemporary cinema's most acclaimed and provocative voices In addition to his many films he discusses his acclaimed gut-wrenching examination of the death penalty "Dead man walking." In the second part of the episode film critic and journalist Michael Fox visits with screenwriter and author Barry Gifford who talks about collaborating with David Lynch on Lost Highway and Wild at Heart as well as his screenplay Perdita Durango Video/C MM105 Slave women were unable to maintain African traditions although some were carried on African women were born/raised to give birth there were no rituals or cultural customs "Under extreme conditions the desire and ability of women to have children is reduced".[attribution needed] Slavery removed everything that made them feel woman motherly African A "normal" African family life was impossible; women were in the field most of the day and fathers were almost non-existent In Africa "Motherhood was the fulfillment of female adulthood and fertility the African women's greatest gift". According to historians David Brion Davis and Eugene Genovese treatment of slaves was harsh and inhumane During work and outside of it slaves suffered physical abuse since the government allowed it Treatment was usually harsher on large plantations which were often managed by overseers and owned by absentee slaveholders Small slaveholders worked together with their slaves and sometimes trea them more humanely. Jodi Smith | Celebrity | The slave-owning colonies had laws governing the control and punishment of slaves which were known as slave codes. South Carolina established its slave code in 1712 based on the 1688 English slave code in Barbados The South Carolina slave code was a model for other North American colonies In 1770 Georgia adop the South Carolina slave code and Florida adop the Georgia code. The 1712 South Carolina slave code included the following provisions: Jodi Smith | Lists | Many female slaves (known as "fancy maids") were sold at auction into concubinage or prostitution which was called the "fancy trade". Concubine slaves were the only female slaves who commanded a higher price than skilled male slaves. Robert Fogel argued that the material conditions of slaves were better than those of free industrial workers However 58% of historians and 42% of economists surveyed disagreed with Fogel's proposition. Fogel's view was that while slaves' living conditions were poor by modern standards all workers during the first half of the 19th century were subject to hardship He further sta that over the course of their lifetime a typical slave field hand "received" about 90% of the income he produced. Fantastic Flesh: The Art of Make-up EFX The magic of special effects makeup makes us believe in aliens monsters and the possessed Takes an inside look at the creation and execution of some of Hollywood's most unique special effects Includes interviews with Quentin Tarantino Wes Craven Robert Rodriguez George A Romero Eli Roth Frank Darabont John Carpenter Mick Garris plus clips from Frankenstein The Exorcist Planet of the Apes and more Direc by Kevin Vanhook 2008 58 min DVD X3770 Fashion in Film From the catwalks of Paris to the red carpets and silver screens of Hollywood fashion and film have always co-starred in their very own rags-to-riches story of style In this discover the history of the costumes couture and glamour icons that have transformed the look of movies forever Features revealing interviews with designers stylists and stars c2008 56 min. Description from Educational Resources catalog [Saura Carlos] Carlos Saura: Relations and Portraits In this television interview on his filmmaking career which began under the repressive Franco regime Saura discusses his filmmaking techniques and how by incorporating a mixture of incisiveness humor action and romance he conveys the gist of Spanish and Latin culture to world audiences An episode of the television program Tratos y Retratos Dist.: Films Media Group c1998 52 min Video/C 5825 Slaveholders feared slave rebellions and attempts of escape. Most of them sought to minimize slaves' exposure to the outside world to reduce the risk of rebellion The desired result was to eliminate slaves' dreams and aspirations restrict access to information about other slaves and rebellions and stifle their mental faculties. The treatment of slaves in the Uni States varied by time and place but was generally brutal and degrading Whipping and sexual abuse including rape were common. Slave overseers were authorized to whip and punish slaves One overseer told a visitor "Some Negroes are determined never to let a white man whip them and will resist you when you attempt it; of course you must kill them in that case." A former slave describes witnessing females being whipped: "They usually screamed and prayed though a few never made a sound." If the woman was pregnant workers might dig a hole for her to rest her belly while being whipped After slaves were whipped overseers might order their wounds be burst and rubbed with turpentine and red pepper An overseer reporly took a brick ground it into a powder mixed it with lard and rubbed it all over. Jodi Smith | Videos | Roxana Hadadi | Lists | Besides slaves' being vastly overworked they suffered brandings shootings "floggings," and even worse punishments Flogging was a term often used to describe the average lashing or whipping a slave would receive for misbehaving Many times a slave would also simply be put through "wanton cruelties" or unprovoked violent beatings or punishments. Bresson bibliography Description from Icarus Films catalog [Brooks Louise] Lulu in Berlin Filmed interview with actress Louise Brooks Contains clips of several of her films 50 min Video/C 1849 As masters applied their stamp to the domestic life of the slave quarter slaves struggled to maintain the integrity of their families Slaveholders had no legal obligation to respect the sanctity of the slave's bed and slave women— married or single – had no formal protection against their owners' sexual advances Without legal protection and subject to the master's whim the slave family was always at risk. The book includes a number of examples of enslaved families who were torn apart when family members were sold out of state and accounts of sexual violation of enslaved women by men. Witness Basic Video Training Tips and Techniques A training video produced by the human rights organization Witness presenting ideas for using A training video produced by the human rights organization Witness presenting basic skills of shooting video including lighting focus sound and framing an image It also gives some safety tips for human rights documentation when using video cameras A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses Dist Witness Project 1996 33 min DVD 3271 Sex and Censorship in the Movies Censorship and the Movies bibliography Gance bibliography [Garbo Gretta] a look at the life and career of the movies' most luminous reclusive and mystifying star A portrait of Garbo the woman is drawn through interviews with biographers and admirers Those offering analysis and reminiscences are biographers Barry Paris Mark Vieira and Karen Swanson; actor/playwright/fan Charles Busch; Garbo's niece and greatnephews and acquaintances Gore Vidal Gavin Lambert Jack Larson and Sam Green who was Garbo's confidante and walking companion for 20 years 2005 86. Hammer bibliography [Haneke Michael] 24 Realities Per Second Follows German motion picture director and author Michael Haneke for a period of two and a half years The filmmakers accompanied him to film premieres and public appearances radio interviews and photo shoots; they observed him as he scou locations direc actors on the set and made final cuts in the editing room In between Haneke spoke candidly about his childhood his transition to filmmaking and his views on cinema What emerges is a portrait of a dedica filmmaker a charming yet elusive figure in thrall to cinema and the constant perfection of his craft 2004 58. Jodi Smith | Industry | Slaves were punished by whipping shackling beating mutilation branding and/or imprisonment Punishment was most often me out in response to disobedience or perceived infractions but masters or overseers sometimes abused slaves to assert dominance Pregnancy was not a barrier to punishment; methods were devised to administer lashings without harming the baby Slave masters would dig a hole big enough for the woman's stomach to lie in and proceed with the lashings. Historian Nell Irvin Painter and others have documen that Southern history went "across the color line." Contemporary accounts by Mary Chesnut and Fanny Kemble (both married in the Deep South planter class) and accounts by former slaves gathered by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) attes to the abuse of women slaves by white owners and overseers. Jodi Smith | Industry | [Jones Chuck]Chuck Jones: Extremes & Inbetweens A Life in Animation Chuck Jones offers a personal introduction to his timeless cartoon creations with clips from classic works like "What's Opera Doc?" and highlights from cartoon shorts Presents a fascinating look at the life and times of the pioneering artist whose contributions have influenced some of today's leading animators and filmmakers Includes critiques from fans including Ron Howard Ken Burns Steven Spielberg Matt Groening Robin Williams Whoopie Goldberg Lorne Michaels and Leonard Maltin DVD special features: Special features: A Chuck Jones tutorial: Tricks of the cartoon trade ; bonus Jones Cartoons: Duck Dodgers in the 24 1/2th century and Feed the kitty ; the Grinch pencil test ; Mississippi hare pencil test c2000 85 min DVD 3564; also on VHS Video/C MM161 In 1852 Utah passed the Act in Relation to Service which provided several protections for slaves They were freed if the slave owner was found guilty of cruelty or abuse or neglect to feed clothe or shelter the slave or if there were any sexual intercourse between the master and the slave. The definition of cruelty was vague and hard to enforce and in practice slaves received similar treatment to those in. Jodi Smith | Celebrity | Jodi Smith | Lists | After 1820, in response to the inability to legally import new slaves from Africa following prohibition of the international slave trade some slaveholders improved the living conditions of their slaves to influence them not to attempt escape. Ennio MorriconeOne of the most celebra composers in international cinema Ennio Morricone has written scores for more than 400 classic and contemporary films In this program Morricone explains how he got his start in show business the challenges of composing for film and his experiences working with big-name directors and musicians Interviews with directors producers and others offer insight into Morricone's genius for composition Includes scenes from numerous films Originally produced in 1995 Dist.: Films Media Group 54. Angela Davis contends that the systematic rape of female slaves is analogous to the medieval concept of droit du seigneur believing that the rapes were a deliberate effort by slaveholders to extinguish resistance in women and reduce them to the status of animals. Slaves were at a continual risk of losing family members if their owners decided to sell them for profit punishment or to pay debts Slaveholders also made gifts of slaves to grown children (or other family members) as wedding settlements They considered slave children ready to work and leave home as young as age 12 or 14 A few slaves retalia by murdering their owners and overseers burning barns and killing horses But work slowdowns were the most frequent form of resistance and hard to control Slaves also "walked away," going to the woods or a neighboring plantation for a while. Slave narratives by escaped slaves published during the 19th century often included accounts of families broken up and women sexually abused. Slaying the Dragon Reloaded Updates the Slaying the Dragon by noting the effects of globalization and a changing population within the past 25 years Includes interviews with actresses and other Asian American women who describe their experiences of such stereotyping Direc/Produced by Elaine H Kim 2011 30 min. A metal collar was put on a slave to remind him of his wrongdoing Such collars were thick and heavy; they often had protruding spikes which made fieldwork difficult and preven the slave from sleeping when lying down Louis Cain a former slave describes seeing another slave punished: "One nigger run to the woods to be a jungle nigger but massa cotched him with the dog and took a hot iron and brands him Then he put a bell on him in a wooden frame what slip over the shoulders and under the arms He made that nigger wear the bell a year and took it off on Christmas for a present to him It sho' did make a good nigger out. Laws punishing whites for punishing their slaves were weakly enforced or easily avoided In Smith v Hancock the defendant justified punishing his slave to a white jury; the slave was attending an unlawful meeting discussed rebellion refused to surrender and resis the arresting officer. Frederick Law Olms visi Mississippi in 1853 and wrote: A cast mass of the slaves pass their lives from the moment they are able to go afield in the picking season till they drop worn out in the grave in incessant labor in all sorts of weather at all seasons of the year without any other change or relaxation than is furnished by sickness without the smallest hope of any improvement either in their condition in their food or in their clothing which are of the plainest and coarsest kind and indeb solely to the forbearance or good temper of the overseer for exception from terrible physical suffering. [Huillet Danièle] ¿ Donde yace tu sonrisa escondida?A film about the relationship between the filmmaking team Danièle Huillet and Jean-Marie Straub as they edit the film "Sicilia." As Huillet repealy runs the film back-and-forth searching for precise editing moments Straub muses on film theories While Straub provides the bulk of the film's philosophical flair Costa's film is infused with Huillet's creative energies as it emphasizes the nuances of her constant searching playing marking and replaying moments of film Direc by Pedro Costa Special features: 6 bagatelas (2003 18 min.) ; El caminante = Il viandante / direc by Daniele Huillet y Jean-Marie Straub (1999 5 min.) ; El afilador = L'arrotino / Daniele Huillet y Jean-Marie Straub (1999 7 min.) 102 min. The Brothers Skladanowsky (Die Gebruder Skladanowsky)(aka A Trick of Light) (2002)Direc by Wim Wenders Cast: Udo Kier Otto Kuhnle Christoph Merg Nadine Buttner Lucie Hurtgen-Skladanowsky A rare gem of cinematic storytelling that weaves docudrama fictional reenactment and experimental photography into a powerful reflective work on the early days of German cinema The film tells the story of the Skladanowsky Brothers the German-born duo who inven the "bioskop" an early version of the film projector at the same time as the Lumières and Edison were working on their inventions The footage is shot with a 1920s handcranking camera in the style of silent films 76 min DVD 6951; also on DVD X6346 Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database Jodi Smith | Celebrity | The slave codes in the tobacco colonies (Delaware Maryland North Carolina and Virginia) were modeled on the Virginia code established in 1667. The 1682 Virginia code included the following provisions: Slaves were legally considered non-persons unless they commit a crime An Alabama court ruled that slaves "are rational beings they are capable of committing crimes; and in reference to acts which are crimes are regarded as persons Because they are slaves they are incapable of performing civil acts and in reference to all such they are things not persons." By law slaveholders could be fined for not punishing recaptured runaway slaves Slave codes authorized indemnified or required violence and were denounced by abolitionists for their brutality Both slaves and free blacks were regula by the Black Codes and their movements were monitored by slave patrols conscrip from the white population The patrols were authorized to use summary punishment against escapees; in the process they sometimes maimed or killed the escapees. Akerman bibliography Description from Icarus Films catalog There was a growing feeling among whites that miscegenation was damaging to racial purity Some segments of society began to disapprove of any sexual relationships between blacks and whites whether slave or free but particularly between white women and black men In Utah sexual relationships with a slave resul in the slave. According to Michael W Byrd a dual system of medical care provided poorer care for slaves throughout the South and slaves were excluded from formal medical training. This meant that slaves were mainly responsible for their own care a "health subsystem" that persis long after slavery was abolished. Slaves took such an active role in the health care of their community that in 1748 Virginia prohibi them from advertising certain treatments. In 1717 Maryland law provided that slaves were not entitled to a jury trial for a misdemeanor and empowered county judges to impose a punishment of up to 40 lashes. In 1729 the colony passed a law permitting punishment for slaves including hanging decapitation and cutting the body into four quarters for public display. In 1740 South Carolina passed a law prohibiting cruelty to slaves; however slaves could still be killed under some circumstances The anti-cruelty law prohibi cutting out the tongue putting out the eye castration scalding burning and amputating limbs but permit whipping beating putting in irons and imprisonment. Jodi Smith | Industry | That's Black Entertainment Part I: Race Movies: The Early History of Black Cinema with Three Original Short FilmsThe first film Race movies explores the involvement of black filmmakers in filmmaking from its earliest days through the 1920s with particular emphasis on the work of James Weldon Johnson Oscar Micheaux and Richard D Maurice Focus is on the movies that were made and production companies that produced them including the Lincoln Motion Picture Company of Los Angeles Micheaux Pictures Corporation and the Norman Film Manufacturing Company Concludes with three shorts that were shown in movie houses prior to feature presentations Contents: Race movies: the popular art of the Black Renaissance (1985 20 min.) -- "St Louis blues" starring Bessie Smith (1929 ca 15 min.) -- "Hi-de-ho" starring Cab Calloway (1935 ca 10 min.) -- "Boogie-woogie Dream" starring Lena Horne (1941 ca 13 min.) 59 min Video/C 4837 Jodi Smith | Streaming | Jodi Smith | Lists | The branding of slaves for identification was common during the colonial era; however by the nineteenth century it was used primarily as punishment. Mutilation (such as castration or amputating ears) was a relatively common punishment during the colonial era and still used in 1830 Any punishment was permit for runaway slaves and many bore wounds from shotgun blasts or dog bites used by their captors. Jodi Smith | Lists |